Tuesday, 17 May 2016

Applications of Depth First Search (DFS)

Depth-first search (DFS) is a technique to traverse a graph.

1) For an unweighted graph, we can produce the minimum spanning tree using DFS traversal of the graph.

2) Detecting cycle in a graph
A graph has cycle if and only if we see a back edge during DFS. So we can run DFS for the graph and check for back edges.

3) Path Finding
We can use it to find the path between two vertices of graph.

4) To test if a graph is bipartite
We can augment either BFS or DFS when we first discover a new vertex, color it opposite its parents, and for each other edge, check it doesn’t link two vertices of the same color. The first vertex in any connected component can be red or black!

5) Finding Strongly Connected Components of a graph a directed graph is called strongly connected if there is a path from each vertex in the graph to every other vertex.

6) Solving puzzles with only one solution, such as mazes.

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